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Constructing Test Items: Multiple-Choice, by Steven J. Osterlind

By Steven J. Osterlind

developing attempt goods for standardized exams of accomplishment, skill, and flair is a job of large significance. The interpretability of a test's rankings flows without delay from the standard of its goods and routines. Concomitant with ranking interpretability is the concept that together with merely rigorously crafted goods on a attempt is the first process wherein the expert try out developer reduces undesirable errors variance, or error of size, and thereby raises a attempt score's reliability. the purpose of this whole ebook is to extend the try out constructor's wisdom of this resource of dimension mistakes, after which to explain equipment for selecting and minimizing it in the course of merchandise building and later overview.
folks fascinated with review are keenly conscious of the elevated realization given to substitute codecs for attempt goods lately. but, in lots of writers' zeal to be `curriculum-relevant' or `authentic' or `realistic', the goods are frequently built likely with out wakeful idea to the interpretations that could be garnered from them. This publication argues that the layout for such replacement goods and workouts additionally calls for rigor of their building or even bargains a few ideas, as one bankruptcy is dedicated to those substitute codecs.
This e-book addresses significant matters in developing try goods by means of targeting 4 principles. First, it describes the features and capabilities of attempt goods. A moment characteristic of this publication is the presentation of editorial directions for writing try out goods in all of the widely used merchandise codecs, together with constructed-response codecs and function exams.
a 3rd element of this ebook is the presentation of equipment for selecting the standard of attempt goods. eventually, this publication provides a compendium of significant concerns approximately attempt goods, together with techniques for ordering goods in a try out, moral and criminal issues over utilizing copyrighted attempt goods, merchandise scoring schemes, computer-generated goods and more.

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