I just grabbed an updated edition of Charles Jencks’ and Nathan Silver’s 1972 book project Adhocism: The Case for Improvisation. It’s quite surprising and interesting on first skim; and the basic premise — that people everywhere, all the time are inventing things to meet unmet needs and desires — resonates with me. The Think Tank
Jencks and Silver write:
But a new mode of direct action is emerging, the rebirth of a democratic mode and style, where everyone can create his personal environment out of impersonal subsystems, whether they are new or old, modern or antique. By realizing his immediate needs, by combining ad hoc parts, the individual creates, sustains and transcends himself. Shaping the local environment towards desired ends is a key to mental health; the present environment, blank and unresponsive, is a key to idiocy and brainwashing.
— Adhocism: The Case for Improvisation by Charles Jencks and Nathan Silver